Reference Style Guide
The Citations and Reference formatting style of Eruditio is broadly based on the Chicago Manual of Style. Two systems of documentation, whether footnotes or endnotes or both are allowed: footnotes for descriptive text and endnote for citing a source.
For a book with single author
Author name, Title of the Book (Publisher’s City: Publisher, Year), page range (optional)
Adam Smith, The Wealth Of Nations (London: W. Strahan and T. Cadell, 1776), 94-96
For a book with multiple authors
For a book with two authors, cite both the authors.
Author 1 and Author 2, Title of the Book (Publisher’s City: Publisher, Year), page range (optional)
Orio Giarini and Walter Stahel, The Limits To Certainty(Dordrecht/Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1993), xv
For 4 or more authors cite only the name of the first-listed author, followed by et al.
Author 1 et al., Title of the Book (Publisher’s City: Publisher, Year), page range (optional)
Richard Baldwin et al., Economic Geography and Public Policy(Princeton: Princeton UP, 2003)
For a book with an editor or translator in addition to the author:
Author name, Title of the Book, trans. / ed. Translator’s/ Editor’s name(Publisher’s City: Publisher, Year), page range (optional)
Gabriel García Márquez, Love in the Time of Cholera, trans. Edith Grossman (London: Cape, 1988), 242–55
For a book with an editor in place of an author
A book with an editor in place of an author includes the abbreviation ed. (for more than one editor, use eds.). Two or more editors are separated by ‘and’; in the case of four or more editors, the name of the first editor is mentioned followed by et al.
Editor, ed., Title of the Book (Publisher’s City: Publisher, Year), page range (optional)
Joel Greenberg, ed., Of Prairie, Woods, and Water: Two Centuries of Chicago Nature Writing (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008), 42
Citing a chapter of a book
When citing a chapter or similar part of an edited book, include the chapter title in quotation marks; and the editor. Precede the title of the book with in.
Author name, “Chapter of the book,” in Title of the Book, ed. Editor name (Publisher’s city: Publisher, Year), page range (optional)
Glenn Gould, “Streisand as Schwarzkopf,” in The Glenn Gould Reader, ed. Tim Page (New York: Vintage, 1984), 310
For a single author
The URL may or may not be provided in the citation.
Author name, “Title of the article,” Journal Name Volume, no. Issue (Year): page range. URL (optional)
Amartya Sen, “Elements of a Theory of Human Rights,” Philosophy and Public Affairs32, no. 4 (2004): 315. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1088-4963.2004.00017.x/abstract
For a journal article with Multiple authors
Author names are separated by ‘and’ for two or more authors. For 4 or more authors cite only the name of the first-listed author, followed by et al., as used for books.
Magazine/ Newspaper Articles
The URL of the magazine/newspaper article is optional.
Author name, “Title of the Article” Newspaper/Magazine Name, Date published URL (optional)
Thomas Friedman, “The Start-Up of You,” The New York Times, 12th July 2011 http://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/13/opinion/13friedman.html
Website pages/ articles
“Title of the Article,” Name of the Website URL
The author names, if applicable, are added before the title of the page/article as used for books and journals.
Graphic representation of data derived from a data set / data bank
When a figure (graph, map, chart, etc.) or table is generated/created from a data set/data bank available online, use the following to reference the data set.
Databank, Dataset used. Retrieved from url
World Development Indicators and Global Development Finance, The World Bank, Household Final Consumption Expenditure. Retrieved From http://databank.worldbank.org/ddp/home.do
When a table/figure is reprinted from a journal article/ book, the endnote format should be
Adapted [or Reprinted] with permission from Author name(s), Book or journal formatting style as used for books or journals.
Refer to the Author Guidelines for detailed information on reproducing already published material.
The notes, whether footnotes or endnotes, are usually numbered and correspond to superscripted note reference numbers in the text. Citations in manuscripts should be presented as ordinary text, stripped of any of the underlying codes (e.g., fields or hyperlinks) used in creating or organizing them.
Citations plus commentary
Author, Book/Journal, Comments
Shakespeare, Julius Caesar, act 3, sc. 1. Caesar’s claim of constancy should be taken with a grain of salt.